Friday, 28 March 2014

How To Do Tunisian Crochet and Free Knit Stitch Booties Pattern - Yarn Scrap Friday


I think over the last few weeks I have become slightly obsessed with Tunisian crochet but I'm hoping that's a good thing for you guys.

So I thought I would put together not only a video tutorial for some Tunisian Knit Stitch Baby Booties but also a written pattern and general introduction to Tunisian crochet.

Many people assume that knitting and crochet are two very different techniques and to the novice it can definitely look that way but Tunisian crochet is a wonderful fusion of both knitting and crochet, so if you have always wanted to be able to knit but could only master crochet then Tunisian is definitely for you! 

© HappyBerry
The main equipment you will need for Tunisian crochet is still a hook but it is a long hook, you would be forgiven for thinking it was a knitting needle until you saw the end was a normal crochet hook. 

However there is also another type of Tunisian hook and that is a hook that looks like a normal length crochet hook but it has some plastic tubing attached to the end with a bobbin on the end. These types of hooks allow for longer projects such as afghans and blankets.

When you start to do Tunisian crochet you will start with normal crochet, so foundation chains but when you work back into your chains you need to do something a little different which gets very much like knitting. 

As you crochet into your chains you pull the yarn through each stitch and then stop, you don't continue with a single crochet, instead your keep the loop on your hook so you have two. Then you go into the next stitch, pull the yarn through and keep the loop on the stitch. Then into the next stitch and the next, until you have a whole row of loops on your hook, like in knitting! This is called the Forward row.

To count your stitches I ignore the first loop on my hook and count the loops from then on. So if I have 22 stitches I need to work to I would technically have 23 loops on my hook. 

Tunisian crochet also differs to normal crochet because now we are at the end of our row we don't turn, instead we just work backwards and to do that we pull our yarn through the first loop, but then all subsequent 'pulling throughs' is done through two loops until you only have 1 loop left on your hook again. It is important to remember to pull through just the first loop by itself at the beginning because otherwise you will decrease your stitches. This row is called the Return. So pull through 1 loop, then 2 loops, then 2 loops, then 2 loops, then 2 loops... you get the idea.

So now you are back to where you started and you have worked your first two rows of Tunisian crochet the Forward and the Return, so pretty simple but you haven't worked any Tunisian stitches such as the Simple Stitch or Knit Stitch yet.

You will see you after your first two rows though that you now have bars running vertically down instead of normal crochet stitches. They look a little like train tracks. These vertical bars are what we need to now work Tunisian stitches.

Tunisian Simple Stitches - © HappyBerry
The Simple Stitch

The Simple Stitch is also known as the Afghan Stitch and to make this stitch you need to ignore the very first vertical bar you see, the one right at the end under your hook, and put your hook underneath the second bar. Yarn over and bring your yarn underneath this bar and up, remembering to stop at this point like your first Forward row, keeping the loop on your hook. You then repeat this with all the vertical bars to the end. You can check your stitch count again by ignoring the first loop on your hook and counting the rest of the loops.

You then work a Return row as before by pulling through 1 loop, then 2 loops, then 2 loops, then 2, then 2 etc to the end until you just have 1 loop left on your hook.

Tunisian Knit Stitch - © HappyBerry
The Knit Stitch

The Knit Stitch is slightly different and is the one I love the most because it creates knitting! and this is the stitch used in my booties pattern. 

To work this stitch you again ignore the first vertical bar right on the end and put your hook underneath the second bar like the Simple Stitch but this time you need to put your hook through your work to the back. You should find a little hole in between the bar you just went under and the next bar, this is where you need to put your hook. Then yarn over and bring your yarn through from the back, then underneath the bar to the right of it. 

Like before just keep the loop on your hook and repeat this along all your vertical bars. When you get to the last vertical bar you won't have a hole to go through to the back, so you just yarn over and bring the yarn underneath the last bar like a Simple Stitch. Again you can check your stitch count by ignoring the first loop on your hook and counting the rest of the loops.

You then work a Return row as before by pulling through 1 loop, then 2 loops, then 2 loops, then 2, then 2 etc to the end until you just have 1 loop left on your hook.

If that all sounds a little mind boggling don't worry because I explain the Knit Stitch and the Simple Stitch in my tutorial here dedicated to Tunisian Crochet.



When you get more confident with these techniques you can have a go at my Knit Stitch Booties!

Tunisian Knit Stitch Baby Booties

You will need

- 4.0mm Tunisian Crochet Hook
- DK/Light worsted weight yarn
- Yarn needle and scissors
- 2 x Buttons (optional)

These booties are made flat working in rows as explained above, and then sewn.

Row 1
Ch19, 2sc in 2nd st from hook, 1sc in next 7 sts, 2sc in next 2 sts, 1sc in next 7 sts, 2sc in last st - (22)

Row 2
Ch1 (don't count as st here or throughout), TURN, 1sc in 1st st and in ea st along - (22)

Row 3
Work a Foward row - (22)

Row 4
Work a Return Row - (22)

Row 5
Work a Knit Stich Forward Row - (22)

Row 6
Work a Return Row - (22)

Rows 7 - 26
Repeat rows 5 and 6

Hint* If you forget how many rows you have done a useful tip to know is that the first knit stitch you see, ie the first upside down V shape is made by working 3 rows, then every subsequent upside down V knit stitch is made with 2 rows. So if you see 5 upside down V's then it means you have worked 11 Tunisian rows.

Row 27 (start of heel)
1sc in next 3 sts, 1hdc in next 5 sts, 1sc in next 3 sts - (11)

Hint* When working normal crochet stitches you work them like a Tunisian Knit Stitch but instead of keeping the loop on your hook we work the stitch as normal.

Row 28
Ch1, TURN, 1sc in  next 3 sts, 1hdc in next 5 sts, 1sc in last 3 sts - (11)

Row 29
Ch1, TURN, 1sc in next 3 sts, 1hdc in next 5 sts, 1sc in next 2 sts, 1sc in last st but the last st from the previous row! this creates a more curved egde - (11)

Row 30
Repeat row 29

Row 31
Work a Forward Row along sts just worked but then continue on to the end under the bars made from row 26 with Knit Stitch Forwarding, you will need to keep your work tight when re-joining the main project after the heel part - (22)

Row 32
Work a Return Row - (22)

Row 33
Work a Knit Stich Forward Row - (22)

Row 34
Work a Return Row - (22)

Rows 35 - 56
Repeat rows 33 and 34 - (22)

Hint* Make sure to check your stitch count as you go, as when re-joining back to the main part after working the heel part the vertical bar on the join can be small to see and easily missed.

Fasten off leaving enough yarn to sew. With right sides facing each other, and wrong sides facing up, fold your booties in half and sew down long edge and across the bottom. Tie in all tails and repeat steps for second bootie. See video below for a visual tutorial! (^-^)

There will also be a matching Tunisian Crochet Knit Stitch Baby Beanie to match these booties for my patrons. Learn how to support me by becoming a patron for extra goodies here www.patreon.com/happyberry



Any questions just post below or join me on Facebook or Twitter at http://www.facebook.com/happyberrycrochet and http://www.twitter.com/happyberryUK

For more free patterns please join me on YouTube at http://www.youtube.com/user/happyberrycrochet or visit my website at http://www.happyberry.co.uk





© HappyBerry This pattern can not be reproduced in any way without credit given to HappyBerry. This includes copying and pasting into another blog or website, and filming the pattern for use on YouTube. You can however print it off for personal use or for use in a crochet group. Thank you.