Saturday, 31 January 2015

Heart Bunting Crochet Pattern


Due to many requests I have finally written down the crochet pattern to my heart bunting, which I designed a while ago now, but still hangs beautifully in my kitchen.

Perfect for the summer to decorate your gazebos or beach huts, maybe for a newborn baby room or for a birthday special occasion. A simple project but with great results.

You can watch the video tutorial here:


Recommended Materials
  • DK/Light worsted weight cotton yarn
  • 2.5mm crochet hook
  • Yarn needle and scissors
Pattern is in US terminology

HC = heart colour
W = white 

Pattern

Round 1
Using HC, and working into a magic circle, crochet 4tr, 3dc, 1tr, 3dc, 4tr, pull to tighten, sl st into magic circle to finish


If you prefer you can ch4, sl st in 1st ch to form a loop and work the stitches above into the loop.

Round 2
Keeping heart tight and bringing yarn to front ch1, 2sc in next st (1st tr from previous round), 2hdc in next st, 2dc in next st, 2hdc in next st, 1sc in next 3 sts, [1sc, 1dc, 1sc] in the next st, 1sc in next 3 sts, 2hdc in next st, 2dc in next st, 2hdc in next st, 2sc in last st, sl st in ch1 to join, joining W as you sl st.

Round 3
Continuing with W, crochet 1sc in next 2 sts (do not ch1), 2sc in next 5 sts, 1sc in next 5 sts, [1sc, 1dc, 1sc] in the next st, 1sc in next 5 sts, 2sc in next 5 sts, 1sc in last 2 sts, sl st in 1st sc to join.

Finishing
Pull up yarn to create loop, fasten off and placing finger through loop to secure, double knot in place, tie in all tail ends if required.

Repeat rounds 1-3 to make lots of hearts,

Bunting
Using the same hook and yarn as hearts, ch20 between hearts, joining hearts as you go.

And now you're done!
Any questions or for more free patterns join me on my various social media channels.

    

or visit my website at http://www.happyberry.co.uk





© HappyBerry This pattern can not be reproduced in any way without credit given to HappyBerry. This includes copying and pasting into another blog or website, and filming the pattern for use on YouTube. You can however print it off for personal use or for use in a crochet group. Items made from any of my patterns can be sold in your own stores however. Patterns are not for re-sale. Thank you.

Thursday, 29 January 2015

Can you sell items made from crochet patterns? Know the FACTS!

Oh, the endless debate to this question "can I sell items made from crochet patterns, without the designers permission?"

The short answer is... well there isn't a short answer. Some designers would have you say NO! and some crocheters would have you say YES! What I can say is that the law does fall in favour of the designer, however much people want to ignore this fact, and it certainly isn't about pushy designers having their own way.

So here are some FACTS when dealing with copyright law, taken from the International Berne Convention of which the US, the UK and many other countries are a member of.

So what is the Berne Convention?
The Berne Convention is for the protection of Literary and Artistic Works, and so will apply to crochet patterns/designs and was adopted in 1886 as an international agreement to protect the rights of authors who are nationals of the countries who are members of the convention. You can find the full list of country members here.

So what rights are protected?
An author or designer from any of these countries within the convention is awarded the same rights, of which cannot be carried out without permission, and these include;

  • The exclusive right to reproduce the work, (though some provisions are made under national laws which typically allow limited private and educational use without infringement).
  • The right to authorise translations of the work
  • The right to authorise public performance or broadcast, and the communication of broadcasts and public performances
  • The right to authorise arrangements or other types of adaptation to the work
  • Recitation of the work, (or of a translation of the work)
  • The exclusive right to adapt or alter the work
An author or designer from any of these countries within the convention is also awarded moral rights, of which include;
  • The author has the right to claim authorship
  • The right to object to any treatment of the work which would be ‘prejudicial to his honour or reputation
The last point is an interesting one, because those who argue that their own copyright laws are different, and can do what they like with finished items made from a designer's work, may fall fowl of this moral right. Reproducing work from a design and reproducing it, in what the designer may consider, low quality may have a case that their reputation has been damaged.

MYTHS

There are many myths that circulate the internet from those who wish to profit from designers work, and argue that they can do so regardless but these are often warped viewpoints from wishful thinking, a few of which are;

Everything on the internet is in the 'public domain' and thus free to use.

No, this is a common misunderstanding. A work only falls into the public domain when the copyright expires, typically many years after the author's death. While work published on the Internet may be publicly accessible, it is certainly not in the public domain.

Anything without a copyright notice is not protected

Copyright will apply whether there is a copyright notice or not. In the US, a notice was required to retain copyright on works published before January 1st 1978, but this was the exception not the norm, and is certainly no longer the case. Also, once the US signed up to the Berne convention, US law was amended, and the use of copyright notices became optional on work published from March 1st 1989

Having said this, it is still certainly worth placing a copyright notice on your work. A copyright notice reminds others that copyright exists, and may therefore help to deter infringement, which is to the benefit of the crocheter to not face legal action.

If I change someone else’s work I can claim it as my own

This is restricted. Any adaptation will be legally regarded as a derived work; so if you simply adapt the work of others, it will still be their work, and they have every right to object if publish such a work when they have not given you permission to do so. They are also entitled to reclaim any money you make from selling their work.

So the advice is always to create something unique and original, it can still be inspired by the original work, or seek permission from the rights owner however this may incur a fee or royalties.

I can legally copy 10% without it being infringement

No. Unless it is explicitly allowed under fair use or fair dealing rules, any unauthorised use of copyright work can potentially lead to legal action.


It’s OK to use copy or publish other peoples work if I don't make any money out of it

You may be surprised to know that again, no you cannot except in specific circumstances permitted under fair dealing/fair use rules. Any copying or publication without the consent of the copyright owner is an infringement, and you could face legal action and a claim for damages to reclaim lost revenue and royalties.

It’s hard to prove copyright infringement (so I'll be ok)

This is not the case, copyright law is principally civil not criminal law. Civil law requires a lower burden of proof, actually making it easier to prove infringement. In a criminal case, the defendant is innocent until proven guilty beyond any reasonable doubt. However, in a civil case, the plaintiff must simply convince the court or tribunal that their claim is valid, and that on balance of probability it is likely that the defendant is guilty.

Final points

Ultimately it will come down to the individual circumstances between the plaintiff (the designer) and the guilty party, and the final decision of the judge's rule, and even then many copyright infringements are settled out of court, but it is always advisable to err on the side of caution when reproducing a creator's original work without permission in ANY form.

Some will still argue that creating an item made from a pattern is different and they can do what they like with it, but you may want to check a designer's terms and conditions before setting up shop, as you will have accepted the designer's terms, thus creating an agreement either by registering on their website or simply by downloading it, and even then you still also may fall fowl, like I said before, of being accused of having the designer's honour or reputation impacted, and all it takes is a good lawyer!

So what are HappyBerry's copryight Terms and Conditions

I'm fairly easy going even after reciting all this information, (mainly because I'm sick of the ignorance that circulates the internet). All of my patterns are copyrighted (obviously) and may not be reproduced in any form, including written or via video format without prior permission, but items made from any of my patterns, unless otherwise stated, can be sold in your own stores however. This applies to individuals only and not companies however.

This information has been taken from the UK Copyright Service.